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Epidemiology of Tuberculosis

Epidemiology of Tuberculosis

In 2021 there were an estimated 10.6 million new cases of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide (WHO). In Canada there were 1, 904 cases of tuberculosis reported, an incidence rate of 5.0 per 100,000. In 2021, Manitoba rate of new cases of TB was 10-14 per 100,000. Manitoba has a higher burden of tuberculosis than most regions of Canada. In Canada, TB is disproportionately seen in Canadian-born Indigenous people and persons born outside of Canada from countries where TB is endemic (PHAC and CTS). 

The global COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted TB rates.  2020 was the first year in a decade to see an increase in the global number of deaths due to TB and 2021 was the first year to see a global rise in TB incidence after many years of slow decline (WHO).

More reports on Tuberculosis Epidemiology

Chapter 1: Canadian Tuberculosis Standards 8th Edition: 2022-Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Canada

Tuberculosis: Monitoring (Public Health Agency of Canada)

WRHA TB Technical Surveillance Report  (2018)

Canada Communicable Disease Report (March 2, 2017) vol.43-3/4 – Issue dedicated to TB

Chief Public Health Officer of Canada (2018) The Time is Now: CPHO Spotlight on Eliminating Tuberculosis in Canada.  Public Health Agency of Canada